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<nettime> ~e; new electronic mediaworks
human being on Mon, 30 Jun 2003 12:07:10 +0200 (CEST)


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<nettime> ~e; new electronic mediaworks


// the idea of connecting video-phones to AV chat was a
// new thought for me, and maybe it is not for others, but
// want to know what others consider about the recent
// developments, and what new media/tactics they may
// foster. examples of free classes or conferences are
// given below, but it could also be organizing around
// issues, holding meetings, public online debates, etc.

  A few recent developments in personal computing signal
  a potential future for the industry that has not existed as
  readily, but may have existed in mid-90s prior forecasts
  of faster technological investment and broadband usage.
  While this message will mention the Apple Macintosh and
  related equipment, it is not limited to this platform, nor to
  the PC alone, but will be related to this for convenience.

  -- Articles are coming out on what the 64-bit multi-processor
  desktop (and laptop) computers may mean for the existing
  32 bit computer chips and related software. Apparently the
  64 bit consumer market may challenge graphic workstations
  used for more intensive graphics and computation. Plus, the
  networking of these multi-processors in clusters may also
  impact the super-computing market using these new systems.
  This may mean that the consumer market may become better
  prepared for 3D and other graphics and high-performance
  work, which may be for consumption and production of media,
  such as video, 3D animations, sound, multitasked HDTV even.

  -- With the introduction of high-quality audio-visual chat (such
  as Apple's iSight camera) and eventually more productivity-
  based applications (such as a common white-board feature,
  multiple users, etc) in a chat program (possibly iChat AV) the
  integration of this refined technology makes remote work and
  networking a possibility for a huge consumer market. The wish
  for videoteleconferences outside the corporate world (of internal
  networks configured to work together, worldwide or nationally)
  still exist in 'room setups' dedicated to around-the-table video-
  conferences, from what has been observed. There are few if
  any mentions  of cafes with videoconferencing software in
  active use even in the era of broadband cafes. Yet, with wi-fi
  and a laptop, or a cellphone modem, it may be possible to sit
  in a park and chat with someone on another continent, or so
  this is the vision now being sold by Apple's latest technology.

  This is not just writing about the novelty of audiovisuals but
  their integral relation to other technologies. First, though, it is
  worth noting that private video or business over unsecured or
  unencrypted networks is basically giving someone a live feed
  of one's private communications, the more relevant the content
  to someone else, the more likely it is of value to some snooper.
  Say one wants to do a video-chat and send files about a private
  work project, in a competitive or political environment... this is
  equivalent to making one's thoughts a channel for Cable TV,
  as technically it is unlikely it is any more difficult to grab this
  data than it is other existing streams of e-mails, URLs, etc.
  And there may be good money in it, if it is made to pay off.

  That is why not only the encrypting of computer hard-drives
  and password management and proxies should be built into
  computers, but they are of little use if one is only going to be
  encrypting worms, trojans, or viruses injected through other
  weak points in the communications networks. Therefore it is
  imagined that without security, the barriers to invest and also
  to trust such platforms for working will prevent or hinder their
  development beyond entertainment. Also, without security in
  broadband networks and modems and hardware, with regard
  to these issues, their adoption could hinder new innovations,
  such as telework centers, telecommuting, wireless field work.
  It is mentioned in the news how camera-phones are becoming
  popular in areas like real-estate, to show houses or in other
  fields. Consider this with streaming audio-visuals and full
  computer access, which is also possible, but the data that is
  vulnerable seems to also increase, maybe it is related to how
  one networks, if it is outside a secured virtual network or if it
  is in the open-air to be sniffed. Basic security networks would
  help adoption of such technology, as the wider or more open
  the networks that can exchange data, the better, it would seem,
  for use in the cross-pollination of ideas, and networking people.

  An interesting point was made by Apple in their keynote, which
  I happened to watch at a local cafe via wi-fi because the power
  had gone out. It was streamed from San Francisco via Quicktime
  and was of a poor quality due to the available bandwidth, yet
  hearing the presentation and reading the followup, the part that
  was of interest seems to be getting little press. That is, with the
  broadband connection and the new software, free long-distance
  calls can be made (and received, if using a 56k modem) with
  out a dial-tone, when using the iChat AV software. It has been
  said that many 'phonecards' for temporary long-distance calls
  is sent over the Internet, and the quality is at times noticeable.
  Yet, if one were to have quality broadband, and this type of a
  new network were to begin adoption beyond specific software,
  then the computer and its mutli-processors and such may even
  rival a small business phone exchange system, again lots of
  audio-visual data, caller-ID, voicemail, which may be connected
  with a computer. That this would be opposite the phone company
  model is of note, as is the exorbitant cost and quality of broad-
  band, which hinders any such developments, even competition.

Yet even further, when one sends a camera-phone picture or
  has voice-mail recorded, it is 'somewhere else', when the trend
  in many other areas is to have these systems miniaturized into
  the home network. Consider Movie Palaces and DVD Home
  Theaters. It may be transformational, the maturing of certain
  technological developments, or their control, such as with the
  broadcast media networks and centralization of information.
  With broadband, not only telephony changes, and video-
  conferencing, but also narrowcasting and net-casts could
  be better realized by web-ready production and reception
  systems (software and hardware) which exist on the edges
  of the current network, to redistribute information. Not in one
  way broadcasts alone, but also video-conferences where the
  forums now existing in e-mail and around certain disciplines
  could be further developed as working forums, activated by
  audio and video technologies and speed, to enable greater
  collaboration at-a-distance, and materialization of efforts.
  For instance, a 'conference' would no longer require a plane
  ticket and hotel but could be conducted by GMT scheduling,
  and private audio-visual communications, beyond current
  efficiencies of typed text (and the lost files associated with
  challenges of managing fast information in slow mediums).

  This is to say that, considering the technology of the audio-
  visual chat, and the improved and standardized web-cam,
  and many secured broadband wired and wireless networks,
  that these new electronic medias could begin working in the
  ways once envisioned during the optimistic 90s futurism. It
  is to connect the dots between a cellphone that current can
  web-browse and take a video-feed over a broadband network,
  or even just a snapshot with full voice and text capabilities, and
  to relate this to the issues of free long-distance calling from a
  main or primary computer system, in addition to the sharing
  of both instant messaging and remote video-teleconferencing
  capacities that the computer and cellphone may not only be
  useful for syncing data, but for calling eachother, and even
  as a videophone, or a work meeting while in the field. This
  is somewhat different than the visions heard so far in news
  about these developments, if only because it may not be
  immediately realizable, outside of highly-controlled and
  configured and managed corporate computer networks.
  And even then, it may not be possible yet, it is not known.

  What is known is the potential of this to usher in an era of
  increasing importance and necessity for the development
  and securing of broadband voice and data networks, and
  their affordability in relation to the markets they already are
  serving and how the costs of such basic services may be
  hindering the entirety of electronic media developments.
  If there were monopolies existing in areas of telephony,
  or radio, or cable, and their core markets were going to
  be affected by greater openness in communications it
  would be interesting to know if this would stop these new
  advances in flight, just to keep control of the markets. In
  the US today, broadband costs ~60-80 month with dial-
  tone it seems. And one is penalized if not keeping the
  service for 12 months straight (bad for renters) which
  costs 100-150 dollar service charge for dropping it. If
  anyone is has a website they develop, one can add to
  this the cost of domains and webspace, often another
  30+ dollars, which is just for dial-tone and dial-up and
  a website using broadband, at roughly 100+/month,
  which makes producing information quite expensive
  for those who do it without support. If one were to add
  in this price, free phone calls, free long distance, and
  the use of audio-video chat and teleconferencing it is
  still expensive but begins to make sense. The cost for
  dial-tone could even be removed, eventually. it seems.
  Over the phone company's dead body, it would appear.
  Yet, to add another basic device, such as a wi-fi PDA
  or a web-capable phone, adds another section, and
  for those who TIVO, eventually this electronic access
  may cost more than financing of new car payments.

  The payoff would be if there was some return on the
  investment in audio-video chat, some big gain which
  it seems there could be. For instance, if a video-phone
  and computer service were bundled it would enable
  remote teleconferences, and even phone calls. This
  public 'utility' aspect of the infrastructure is becoming
  more evident, if only it were considered as such. The
  other devices now emerging for audio-visual hand-
  helds, such as the portable Archos videoplayer, or
  the iPod .mp3 player seem to be limited in current
  applications. Yet, considering an improvement in
  base computing power and also broadband and
  connectivity between devices, an iPod data-storage
  device (or media server, for that matter, such as the
  networked drives used by advertisers to store their
  commercials and video on networks, for sale on
  the fly) can become a way to carry a copy of an
  event, say it is a lecture from a professor across
  the world, or an HDTV show, or a rental movie.
  One could plug these devices into a TV, a monitor,
  an LCD projector, a computer, a radio system, or
  other devices and gain access to the content. It
  could be a slide-show from Keynote/Powerpoint,
  it could be a local band's DIY video of their sounds,
  it may be a poetry or a video card awaiting sending.
  It is this data storage device that, when combined
  not just with .mp3 music, or even the traditional
  aspects of e-commerce, but as audio-visual data
  storage, in addition to the aspects of streaming of
  conferences, ideas, meetings, presentations, and
  personal messages, calls, conversations, that it
  shows another utility, recording archival AV records.

  So if one is sitting at a terminal, on the network, and
  has a headset for privacy they may be able to work
  across the world with many people from all over, to
  meet in similar (but different technically) webplaces,
  to gather, discuss, share, work, think, invent, discover,
  and some may arrive via text, some phone, some by
  video, it may be any variety of formats, it could be
  distance education, it could be business meetings,
  interviews for a job, meeting with relatives over the
  holidays, a live concert, a narrowcast performance.
  Some of it already exists, but neither ubiquitous or
  outside of networks already configured for this, or
  so it seems to be this way.

  There are other things that can be added, such as
  the use of HDTV and radio-signals and GPS and
  other technologies in relation to these issues and
  also independently. Yet, peer-to-peer networks and
  broadband make possible DIY education and also
  university courses, outside of traditional structures,
  much of which is still tied to the landline institutions,
  air travel, and other ways of connecting with ideas.
  Yet if the value of content, and the realization that
  its value is often determined in external relations,
  would be to break a core tenet of current networks
  that are tied to traditional initiatives and controls.
  Independence of exchange, and entrepreneurial
  aspects of audio-visual broadband connectivity
  with computers that can leverage this much further
  than where things are today, could bring a new
  revolutionary aspect to internetworking ideas and
  communities around the globe, in proximity to one
  another as necessitated by the needs to evolve
  the current design's communications bottlenecks,
  in hardware, software, platforms, and networks.

  The demographic shifts, seen when people are
  not bound by the local communities when they
  are able to be online and pursue their ideas, is
  possibly capable of much greater expansion into
  realms of voice, visuals, and sharing of information
  that is not determined by record companies or
  movie studios or broadcasters, but by initiatives
  to share and organize in new electronic mediums.
  That's a guess. Without affordability, security, and
  recognition that the expansion of the network will
  allow much greater opportunities for much larger
  amounts of people, this all remains in the future.

  the electromagnetic internetwork-list
  electromagnetism / infrastructure / civilization
  archives.openflows.org/electronetwork-l
  http://www.electronetwork.org/list/




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