Nettime mailing list archives

<nettime> essay on WSIS and WE SEIZE
George Dafermos on Mon, 8 Dec 2003 00:39:38 +0100 (CET)

[Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next] [Date Index] [Thread Index]

<nettime> essay on WSIS and WE SEIZE


What started as an email for friends, culminated in a longer essay, and upon
the suggestion of a friend, i decided to send it to nettime, as many of you are
interested in both the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS)taking place
in a few days in Geneva, as well as the parallel counter-summit WE SEIZE!. And
well, this is what the essay is concerned with: examining the implications of
the information society rhetoric, critiquing the exclusive atmosphere promoted
by WSIS, and discussing the advantages of an open-source approach that WE
SEIZE, in my opinon, is modelled upon. 

here goes then:

Which Information Society are you talking about? On the way to WSIS: WE SEIZE!

by George N. Dafermos


This paper discusses the importance of the World Summit on Information Society
(WSIS) scheduled to take place in December 2003 in Geneva, as well as providing
a critique of it, along with a discussion of the apparent advantages of
organising a counter-summit like WE SEIZE!


0. Doomed Agendas

The World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) is scheduled to take place in
the next month (December 10-12, 2003) in Geneva. This much celebrated meeting
will supposedly shed light upon the obstacles that the so-called information
society faces, and wil discuss ways to deal with them in the most efficient
manner for the greater good of all. In a nutshell, the WSIS is the place to be
if you're interested in how we all together can widen authentic civic
engagement in matters rooted in the epicentre of the information society.

Having said that, I expected that the agenda of the meeting would be
straight-forward, picking on issues as diverse as spam and how to cut down on
it, file-sharing and what it really means, digital ethics, access and
government-imposed restrictions on Internet use, the role of open standards,
software and institutions, and emerging forms of collective governance enabled
partly by the Internet that might in turn help better the process of political
decision-making. Instead, as of this moment, all there is in the agenda that is
worth repeating here can be summarised in less than two lines of text: election
of president and adjacent officers, followed by small talk, and coming to an
end with plans to be discussed at the second phase of the summit in Tunis [1].
You may wonder whether the above was worth repeating. Perhaps it isn't. But
that's all there is in the agenda, and I am afraid not much else will be added.

Then again, I might have missed something. Hold on, there's another file
somewhere on the WSIS website. It's entitled “Draft Plan ofAction” [2], and
judging by the title, it must contain some pretty heavy deep-dished stuff.
Well, by scrolling down page six of the MS Word file, I came across the

a) Promote cooperation among the governments at the UN and with all
stakeholders at other appropriate fora to develop guidelines that: Enhance user
confidence, build trust, and protect both data and network integrity; consider
existing and potential threats to ICTs; and address other information and
network security issues

b) Governments in cooperation with the private sector should prevent, detect
and respond to cyber crime and [misuse] [abuse] of ICTs by: developing
guidelines that take into account ongoing efforts in these areas; considering
legislation that allows for effective investigation and prosecution of misuse;
promoting effective mutual assistance efforts; strengthening institutional
support at the international level for preventing, detecting and recovering
from such incidents; and encouraging education and raising awareness.

c) Governments, and other stakeholders, should actively promote user education
and awareness about online privacy and the means of protecting privacy.

d) Take appropriate action on spam at national and international levels.

This section is entitled “Building confidence, trust and security in the use
of ICTs”. At first glance, it's a well-srructured list of actions to be taken,
and it touches upon many of the critical issues I stressed above, such as
measures aimed at preventing spam. However, by taking a moment to reflect upon
what the above piece of text really means, I came to diametrically different
conslusions. With regard to spam, the problem is not to recognise that spam
represents a threat to the communal model of the Internet. Anyone who's ever
spent more than one hour discarding rubbish-like emails from one's inbox, or
that frequented Usenet before April 12, 1994, the day the infamous Canter and
Seigel ‘green card spam’ appeared on the Usenet [3], knows that for sure. In
recognition of the problem, many have chosen to abandon their emails, and
resorted to exploring other forms of communication forums such as weblogs, mIRC
channels, Wikis, and applications widely referred to as social networking
software. Some have gone to the lewngth of declaring that email is broken [4].
The problem at hand, the way I and others see it, is to come up with an robust
economic model that will remove the economic incentives for bombarding people
with spam. Not a petty task, yet discussions that aspire of standing a chance
of moving forward should be geared toward altering or abolishing the economic
rationale that sustains spam [5]. Understanding that spam is a problem is not
enough. Existing solutions such as email filters suck.

In a similar vein, the sentence “Governments in cooperation with the private
sector should prevent, detect and respond to cyber crime and [misuse] [abuse]
of ICTs” sent shivers up and down my spine. In the landmark “Code and other
Laws of Cyberspace”, Lawrence Lessig warned us against precisely this kind of
shady alliance: neither governenments nor corporations alone are capable of
shattering the community model upon which the Internet strives. But by joining
forces and modifying the architecture of the Internet on the pretence of
safeguarding our privacy and bringing about a safer Internet, they will
transform a forum for the continuation of democratic public discourse into
myriads of cyber fragments designed to suit the needs of e-commerce [6]. In
retrospect, I would rather stick with John Perry Barlow's assertion that
governments have no place on the Internet [7]. Rather than discussing efective
ways to curb cyber-crime, the WSIS should better try to justify why governments
should interfere with the Net at the first place. That's a question I'd like to
see being raised at the WSIS. Dream on...as Geert Lovink emphasises, “the
World Summit on the Information Society is in great danger of producing
irrelevant UN documents”[8], and apparently I've just finished reading a
couple of these.

1. Gimme Communication

To begin with, the term information society is ill-conceived, and fails to
address the real issues that lie in the heart of the Internet community. We
should not neglect to bear into mind that information, unlike communication and
collaboration, can be easily packaged and marketed as a precious item worth
buying [9].

In the aftermath of the dot.com collapse, it is rather convenient to say that
the Internet is a tool primarily for social innovation, rather than commerce.
Yet, since the mid-90s, hordes of cyber-pundits and alleged Net experts were
more than eager to proclaim the emergence of the information society. After
all, the information age, they claimed, is unfolding before our own eyes and it
is unstoppable. In 1995, Nickolas Negroponte, MIT Media Lab's prima donna,
hinted that the distinction between the PC and the TV was bound to be erased as
our societies progressed from analog communications to bits and bytes [10]. It
goes without saying that commercial organisations were very pleased to hear
that the Internet was just another medium well-suited for mass-communications
and broadcast programming. And so the exploitation of the communal Internet
begun. The point I'm trying to make here is that the term information provides
a fine leverage point for commercial organisations to claim ownership over our
ability to communicate and collaborate. Nevertheless, things have changed since
1995 and they keep changing, especially now that the dot.com bubble has bitten
the dust. Although once popular claims like content is king no longer rule, the
term information society still persists. Why? Is it because we're truly in the
midst of a technological cyclone fueled by plainloads of information bits, or
is it because information can be more easily captured through the legal
instruments of patents and copyrights?

They say that information wants to be free. I do not think so. Information
wants to be captured. Given the world we live in – a world where corporations
process information and trade in information while more and more governments
keep it in the closet on the pretext of protecting us all against the elusive
danger of terrorism – information wants to be held hostage. Whenever I buy a
book, all I buy is information. Whenever I watch a programme on the telly, all
I consume is information. On the contrary, when I read other peoples' weblogs
and leave comments, or email my friends, I do not simply consume information -
I indulge in conversations, and collaborate with others. Conceptualising
communication and collaboration as items lined up on the supermarket shelf is
much harder, if not actually impossible. Information exists in isolation of
human variables whereas communication and collaboration assume, presuppose and
require the engagement of at least two parties. They are interactive by
default, if you will allow me to use this expression.

Thus, any discussion of the Internet and its social implications that has as a
starting point the term information is poised to result in ambiguities,
misunderstandings and errors. While access to information, and knowledge about
how to navigate and filter it, is definitely crucial for democracy to grow
stronger, it is even more important to find ways to more efficientlly
communicate and collaborate. The starting basis should always be about how to
establish and nurture frictionless communication and collaboration.

2. Towards Information Oligarchy: a world for lawyers, mega-corps, and
developed countries

Beyond the shadow of a boubt, I am not the only one believing that the
information rhetoric is largely harmful. Alan Toner does a great job explaining
that the information rhetoric and the mosaic of intellectual property regimes
it seeks to foster is in fact an attempt (by shallow agendas and associated
vested interests who own developed countries, and corporate behemoths) to exert
control over geopolitics [11]. In his words, the agony of an unequal world is
epitomised in full swing:

What this [information] rhetoric largely occluded was the wave of expansionist
intellectual property laws which accompanied the ‘informaticisation’ of
society. These legal constraints, at whose epicentre sits the Trade Related
Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), annex to the General Agreement
on Trades and Tariffs (GATTs), have served a very strategic set of interests
within the post-industrial scene. They have effectively reversed the national
role of IP laws from the protection of cultural production and
scientific/technological innovation to the limitation of these creative forces,
and served to fix relations between advanced post-industrial states and the
former ‘third world’. They have done this by creating copyright monopolies
which drive concentration of ownership, push up costs of entry into markets,
and exclude effective activity for many independent actors......With the aid of
stringent IP law, companies are able to exercise a biopolitical control that
takes to new extremes the tendency to liberate capital by restricting
individual and collective freedoms and rights – even the right to life itself

In short, the way the so-called information society currently operates is in
complete favour of advanced states, large organisations capable of commanding
large sums of money for lobbying, and lawyers who have a field day troubling
our heads with notions we will probably never grasp. But why? And how?

Let's start with why. Lawyers need to make a living, and the proliferation of
windows of opportunity ripe for legal and legislative exploitation that the
cyber-economy has provided them with will not go unseized. As for commercial
organisations and powerful states, power is an end in itself. Perhaps, money is
important too, but the power required to remain powerful and unchallenged by
smaller, and leaner players is much more important. “No one seizes power with
the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means, it is an end...The
object of power is power” [12].

How about how? Powerful states have the power to influence legislation. They
have the finacial power to lobby. They have the power to form international
bodies and institutions such as the WTO that safeguard and enhance their power.
That's the way it has always been. The oil industry still reigns not because
alternative sources of energy do not exist, but because it has the financial
clout to seize power. And as we said, one who has power is not willing to
relinquish it. Mega-corps apply for absurd patents in case some day in the
distant future they need them to stiffle competition. The obvious implication
of the above is that innovation, invention and experimentation across viable
alternatives suffer systematically (except in those areas that might benefit
the ones already in power) as those who are currently in power prefer a static
environment where nothing changes to an environment that is fluid, and open to
new ideas and players. This tendency to control the pace of evolution and the
global barometer of power through the various instruments that fall within the
umbrella of intellectual property is being futher amplified due to the ongoing
digitisation that is found in all spheres of the economy, culture, and society.
Now, for the first time in history, more and more things can be turned into 1s
and 0s. This means that more things, tangible as well as intangible, can be
turned into sealed boxes of information, which can be sold as property. The
realm of ideas is ripe for malicious exploitation.

According to a friend who's a software engineer, the software he writes is the
outcome of his artistic endeavours; it's his ideas embodied in computer code.
And he wants his ideas and his art to be accessible to as many people as
possible. He 's not against the idea of making money from it. But he reckons
that money will come as a by-product of the recognition he will receive for his
work, if it is as outstanding as he thinks it is. For corporations and
governments though, software and digital artifacts are hot property to be
defended against people like my friend who want to share their ideas with

3. Piracy, File Sharing and Peer-to-Peer: Just an example

The other day I read somewhere that civilised nations should jointly strike
down upon peer-to-peer software and music pirates with furious anger since the
proceeds from the sale of pirated music and DVDs end up in the hands of
terrorists. No comment needed. Or maybe just one. I've also read in the
Economist that the proceeds from such illegal activities end up in the hands of
marginalised minorities living on the borderline of poverty and starvation, and
no matter how ironic it may seem, if this had not been the case, those people
would seriously contemplate other more dangerous lines of work such as dealing
drugs and battering people in dark alleys for a fiver [13]. Draw your own
conslusions. The only question I have is who has the power to define who those
pirates are, and by which criteria are some people categorised as pirates?

Peer-to-peer is neither solely about file-swappng nor about copyright
infringement. SETI {AT} Home is a project harnessing the power of peer-to-peer for
the search of extraterrestial life, and Remailers enable the anonymous routing
of email that can be of tremendous value to, say, a citizen who wants to alert
a government officer to some wrongdoing without putting his job, social status,
or physical safety in jeopardy. Software such as Gnutella and Freenet can and
is being used by activists to disseminate information that totalitarian
governments do not allow to appear on print or TV.

More interestingly perhaps, peer-to-peer, if and when conceptualised as a
massively decentralised system that is supported by teachnological means but
that extends well beyond the limited realm of technology, holds interesting
lessons for the organisation of production, politics, culture, spirituality and
society. In his pathbreaking paper on the wider implications of peer-to-peer,
Michel Bauwens argues that peer-to-peer may even unveil the basis of a new
model of civilisation premised upon bottom-up social organisation,
collaborative values and direct involvement in the decision-making process by
the masses that until now had been largely deprived from a say in how things
were run [14].

Other examples whose vitality for technological and social progress has been
consistently overlooked abound. They fall prey to misinterpretation and
confusion as no one is willing to subject them to a thorough investigation as
regards to their pragmatic impact upon our life.

Meetings such as the WSIS should seek to promote understanding of the actual
social impact of potentially disruptive technologies like peer-to-peer, rather
than reducing them to the libelous state of piracy. But if the only ones
attending such meetings are the ones who have an interest in distorting
reality, then what good is it? Are there any checks on those twisted efforts to
manipulate reality? Because if there aren't any, what's the point of pondering
on the importance of the WSIS? I am optimistic. There are grounds for hope.
Such meetings invariably attract NGOs, activists and people who choose to be
engaged in the process.

4. Where's the Civil Society?

With respect to the WSIS, Alan Toner notes that NGOs – non-profit
organisations that are frequently sustained by the labour pains of volunteers,
and that seek to represent the interests of minority groups – are being pushed
aside by the structure and organisation of the WSIS. They are either not given
space and time to voice their concerns, or they are grouped together at some
remore building far away from where any substantial discussions take place
[11]. This may be true, I can't say. Sure enough, NGOs' lobbying power is
essentially limited due to their lack of resources. Travel and maintenance
expenses aside, NGO representatives need money to launch their projects, but
most importantly they need a space where they can co-operate with others so
that creative synergies between already existent projects become visible, and
the possibility of starting new projects materialises. NGOs need a space, a
forum where the process of cross-fertilisation among points of view, ideas and
projects blossoms. Whether we like it or not, this space will not be provided
by the WSIS, or so it seems.

5.Counter-revolutions and the new new Renaissance

The space for discusion and concerted action will be provided by those who are
interested the most in how technology affects our lives. In parallel with the
WSIS, there is WE SEIZE!, a counter-event that will become for a few days the
co-ordinating point for tactical media activism, and will hopefully plant the
seeds for direct action. I might be wrong, but I reckon that more people from
all over the world will aggregate around WE SEIZE than attend WSIS.

The scope and focus of WE SEIZE's activities is broad, but well-targeted.
Officially, WE SEIZE is organised around three thematic areas: a strategic
conference (9th and 10th Dec.), a polimedia lab and high noon (10 – 12 Dec.)
and is partly financed by a generous fund from George Soros's Open Society
Institute. Unofficially, activists – volunteers who put enormous amounts of
time and energy in materialising their vision of an open and participative
technology landscape – have gotten at work making sure that whatever goes down
will be video and radio streamed so that those unlucky ones who are unable to
flock to Geneva will be kept informed. Everyone is welcomed to join the crew,
and everything is being done in order to facilitate the widest possible
participation. Wi-Fi will be in place, and practical workshops and
presentations will educate people about doing-it-themselves. Workshops on a
wide spectrum of topics, including free/open source software, encryption, and
hacking in general, will be going on for the whole duration of the
counter-summit. Indymedia activists will set up an independent communication
centre, freeing information flows to and from Geneva and providing an
alternative coverage of the events. This is, of course, only a tiny glimpse of
what WE SEIZE is about.

WE SEIZE! is taking place in Geneva, but it's roar is far reaching and global:
it urges people worldwide to participate regardless of their geographical
location, and people respond to its call. Media guerillas in Sheffield, UK, for
example, gave away free CDs of two Linux distros (dyne:bolic and knoppix),
distributed leaflets whose aim is to raise awareness around WSIS and WE SEIZE!
and projected the WE SEIZE! and Indymedia symbols onto the Sheffield Town Hall
and local Gap store [15]. WE SEIZE! Is a local event, but it's global in terms
of reach and richness.

Naturally, the organisation side of WE SEIZE is transparent. Everything is
being decided in a democratic fashion in the main mailing list which is open
for the public, with additional and up-to-date information provided at the Wiki
pages of the We SEIZE website, and other web sites like Hubproject.
Communication is not limited to the mailing list as there's also an IRC channel
for real-time synchronous communication. The point is that everyone is welcomed
to join and participate, and this is grounds for hope. Discussions will be the
focus of the counter -conference, and presentations will be informal and anyone
is welcomed to propose and deliver a presentation. The distinction between
audience and speaker will be blurred as the goal is not simply to educate and
inform but to advance the aims of a global, inter-networked community of
open-minded people looking to achieve co-op between their projects, ideas, and

Some people would like us to believe that WE SEIZE! is the forerunner of a
revolution, or at least a sign of a revolution in progress. But what I see is
not a revolution. It is a political, social, cultural and economic renaissance.
I see people coming together to share themselves, and to re-shape the world
according to their beliefs and dreams. I see a re-framing of what has become
the cyber tactical media community around communal values, reciprocity, and
ethics. When it comes to the cyber realm, the only establishment, if it can be
said to be an establishment, is the creativity that is being unleashed by
loosely knit groups of people who enlarge the sphere within which cyber
creativity and democracy applies. We should not focus our efforts on revolting
against a ghost of the past that is reluctantly dying; a ghost that is
inevitably confronting its own inner ghosts as it gets to realise it is unable
to control our creative efforts. As Douglas Rushkoff says “renaissance is a
dimensional leap, when our perspective shifts so dramatically that our
understanding of the oldest, most fundamental elements of existence changes,
the stories we have been using no longer work” [16].

And the renaissance we 're now in the midst of is as profound as the ones that
went before it. We' re no longer limited by geography, or any technological and
cultural priesthoods for that matter. Again, peer-to-peer is a fine
illustration of that paradigm shift. Most peer-to-peer technologies, from
Napster to Freenet and from Jabber to weblogs enable us to step outside from
our assigned role as passive consumers of reality. Tools developed in a bottom
– up fashion empower us to become the authors of our own lives and architects
of our own frames of governance. We, the people, are now for the first time in
history able to reinvent our cultures and societies in unprecedented ways,
changing the ways we relate to each other, and to the old world order. We don't
need to ask for permission; we are the new establishment that emerges from the
ashes of the old ruined world of cultural impotence, economic inefficiency, and
political megalomania. We develop the tools; we use them; and the world is
changing with us as we go along. Trying to destroy the political artefacts of
an earlier epoch – copyrights and patents [17]– is not necessary. Those
insitutions will self-destruct as people realise their striking irrelevance to
the new inter-networked world of knowledge. Napster and similarly functioning
software are “the market's correction for the failure of mainstream radio not
just to adapt to the Net, but even to fulfill the missions it established for
itself over the decades” [18]. Weblogs enable us to re-claim a higher state of
democratic consciousness [19]. The free/open source software community
demonstrates that co-operation, passion and talent make capital dance. We
should not try to revolt against the old older. In fact, I believe that the old
order is revolting against us, trying spasmodically to secure a few last
moments of breath before dying forever. Sure enough, we need to be cautious and
have a vigilant eye, but we don't need to consume ourselves with dystopic
visions of big brother - manufactured technotopias. There is no revolution to
start here; if there was one anyway that has started a long time ago with the
emergence of the network of networks. It's time we called it a rebirth, a
renaissance of our identities in a digital world. We don't need to be consumed
with fighting wars; instead, we should be forging bonds and caring for the new
big issues that unfold before our own eyes. In my opinion, that is digital
ethics [20], but I will leave that discussion for another time and place –
perhaps WE SEIZE!.

6. An Open Source Model : a final note to WSIS

>From the depths of cyberia, I urge you not to stiffle the vein of innovation
that the Internet is. Do not consider its lifeblood to be information,
corporate endorsements, or patents. It's not. Enable people to communicate with
each other, and dare to collaborate with them. Then, you will be surprised by
how much can be accomplished. Otherwise, all we will be left with is useless
information. And we don't need more. We already have plenty. What we need is to
make sense out of it, and better ourselves in the process through the
re-emergence of the open, collaborative spirit upon which the Internet strived.
Help us restore and grow it so that one day, we might arrive at the ideal of a
truly interconnected global brain, rather than winding up with another huge

7. References

[1] Provisional draft agenda of the geneva Phase of the World Summit on the
Information Society, Document WSIS/PC-3/DOC/9-E, September 24, 2003, at

[2] Draft Plan for Action, Addendum 2(Rev.1) to Document WSIS/PC-3/10-E,
September 26, 2003, at http://www.itu.int/wsis/documents/index.asp

[3] Minar N. and Hedlund M., 2001. A Network of Peers in Oram A. (Ed)
Peer-to-Peer: Harnessing the power of disruptive technologies, Sebastopol:
O’Reilly & Associates.

[4] Ross Mayfield, 2002a. “Blogging to Prevent Email Overload”, November 8,
at http://radio.weblogs.com/0114726/2002/11/08.html and Ross Mayfield, 2002b.
“Occupational Spam”, November 19, at
http://radio.weblogs.com/0114726/2002/11/19.html, Ross Mayfield, 2003. “Email
is Dead”. August 20, at
http://ross.typepad.com/blog/2003/08/email_is_dead.html and Joi Ito, 2003.
“Email is officially broken”, August 14, at


[6] Lawrence Lessig, 1999. Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Basic Books.

[7] John Perry Barlow, 1996. A Declaration of the Independence of cyberspace,
at http://www.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html

[8] Geert Lovink, 2003. Open Source, Open Borders: Issues in Global Internet
Culture, October 29, at http://laudanum.net/geert/files/1067480573/

[9] Douglas Rushkoff, 1999. Coercion: Why We Listen To What they Say, Chapter
7: Virtual Marketing, at http://www.mindjack.com/rushkoff/coercion.html

[10] Nickolas Negroponte, 1995. Being Digital, Vintage Books.

[11] Alan Toner, 2003. Dissembly Language: Unzipping the World Summit on the
Information Society, Metamute, M26 :: 4.07.03, at


[12] George Orwell, 1949. Nineteen Eighty – Four.

[13] Unfortunately, I can't seem to find the article. However, I'm positive the
article was published in the Economist (UK) in the years 2000-2001-2002.

[14] Michel Bauwens, 2001. Peer-to-Peer: from technology to politics to a new
civilization?, at http://noosphere.cc/peerToPeer.html

[15] We Seize Mutant Ninja Direct Action, Sheffield Indymedia, 05.12.2003, at

[16] Douglas Rushkoff, 2003. Open Source Democracy: How Online Communication is
Transforming Offline Politics, Demos White Paper, at

[17]Chris May, 2003. Digital Rights Management and the Collapse of Social
Norms, First Monday, November, at

[18]Doc Searls, 2003, “The New Tradition”, December 6, at

and Siva Vaidhyanathan, 2003. The new information ecosystem, June, at

[19]Joichi Ito, 2003. Emergent Democracy, at

and James Moore, 2003. The Second Superpower Rears its Beautiful Head, at

[20] Common Good Public License at http://cgpl.org

and Bill Joy, 2000. Why The Future Doesn't Need Us, Wired, Issue 8.04, april,
at http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.04/joy_pr.html


WE SEIZE! Website: http://www.geneva03.org/

WE SEIZE! Mailing list: http://lists.emdash.org/mailman/listinfo/prep-l

Mailing List Archive at http://lola.d-a-s-h.org/pipermail/prep-l/

WE SEIZE! Strategic Conference: http://www.geneva03.org/sconf/index.php

WE SEIZE! High Noon: http://www.geneva03.org/highnoon/index.php

WE SEIZE! IRC Channel: irc.indymedia.org [channel #wsis] and another irc #wsis channel is available on www.ecn.org/6601 ssl secure mode

Hub Eur {AT} action Project Website: http://hubproject.org/en/?l=en

*the essay can also be accessed online at 

#  distributed via <nettime>: no commercial use without permission
#  <nettime> is a moderated mailing list for net criticism,
#  collaborative text filtering and cultural politics of the nets
#  more info: majordomo {AT} bbs.thing.net and "info nettime-l" in the msg body
#  archive: http://www.nettime.org contact: nettime {AT} bbs.thing.net