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<nettime> multicasting - generating artificial scarcity in the ip space
Pit Schultz on Tue, 27 Jul 1999 05:05:09 +0200 (CEST)

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<nettime> multicasting - generating artificial scarcity in the ip space ?

ok, computer literates wanted, especially IPv6, internet governance, and
media industry insider knowledge needed: 

this is a trial to not do the research but come with a thesis, maybe
somebody knows more on this list. we heard that ICANN aims to take over
IANA. we heard from people like Lawrence Lessig (Open Code for Open
Societies) that something like the 'Radio Act' is what the internet does
not need, but companies want.  what happened with the electromagnetic
field in the 20ies for partly good reasons, might happen with the net as a
multicasting medium just because of the lack of big companies to "adapt to
the new economy". 

search for "disney", "time warner" etc.
if such suspicions prove to be wrong, perfect!

have a nice summer



Host Extensions for IP Multicasting [RFC1112] specifies the extensions
required of a host implementation of the Internet Protocol (IP) to support
multicasting.  The multicast addressess are in the range through Current addresses are listed below. 

The range of addresses between and, inclusive, is
reserved for the use of routing protocols and other low-level topology
discovery or maintenance protocols, such as gateway discovery and group
membership reporting.  Multicast routers should not forward any multicast
datagram with destination addresses in this range, regardless of its TTL.  Base Address (Reserved)                   [RFC1112,JBP]  All Systems on this Subnet                [RFC1112,JBP]  All Routers on this Subnet                        [JBP]  Unassigned                                        [JBP]  DVMRP    Routers                          [RFC1075,JBP]  OSPFIGP  OSPFIGP All Routers             [RFC2328,JXM1]  OSPFIGP  OSPFIGP Designated Routers      [RFC2328,JXM1]  ST Routers                               [RFC1190,KS14]  ST Hosts                                 [RFC1190,KS14]  RIP2 Routers                            [RFC1723,GSM11] IGRP Routers                                [Farinacci] Mobile-Agents                            [Bill Simpson] DHCP Server / Relay Agent                     [RFC1884] All PIM Routers                             [Farinacci] RSVP-ENCAPSULATION                             [Braden] all-cbt-routers                             [Ballardie] designated-sbm				   [Baker] all-sbms					   [Baker] VRRP                                           [Hinden] Unassigned                            [JBP]  VMTP Managers Group	                    [RFC1045,DRC3]  NTP      Network Time Protocol           [RFC1119,DLM1]  SGI-Dogfight                                      [AXC]  Rwhod                                             [SXD]  VNP                                              [DRC3]  Artificial Horizons - Aviator                     [BXF]  NSS - Name Service Server                        [BXS2]  AUDIONEWS - Audio News Multicast                 [MXF2]  SUN NIS+ Information Service                     [CXM3]  MTP Multicast Transport Protocol                  [SXA] IETF-1-LOW-AUDIO                                  [SC3] IETF-1-AUDIO                                      [SC3] IETF-1-VIDEO                                      [SC3] IETF-2-LOW-AUDIO                                  [SC3] IETF-2-AUDIO                                      [SC3] IETF-2-VIDEO                                      [SC3] MUSIC-SERVICE                        [Guido van Rossum] SEANET-TELEMETRY                        [Andrew Maffei] SEANET-IMAGE                            [Andrew Maffei] MLOADD                                         [Braden] any private experiment                            [JBP] DVMRP on MOSPF                               [John Moy] SVRLOC                                       [Veizades] XINGTV                                         [Gordon] microsoft-ds                    <arnoldm {AT} microsoft.com> nbc-pro                      <bloomer {AT} birch.crd.ge.com> nbc-pfn                      <bloomer {AT} birch.crd.ge.com> lmsc-calren-1                                    [Uang] lmsc-calren-2                                    [Uang] lmsc-calren-3                                    [Uang] lmsc-calren-4                                    [Uang] ampr-info                                     [Janssen] mtrace                                         [Casner] RSVP-encap-1                                   [Braden] RSVP-encap-2                                   [Braden] SVRLOC-DA                                    [Veizades] rln-server                                       [Kean] proshare-mc                                     [Lewis] dantz                                          [Yackle] cisco-rp-announce                           [Farinacci] cisco-rp-discovery                          [Farinacci] gatekeeper                                       [Toga] iberiagames                                   [Marocho] nwn-discovery                                 [Zwemmer] nwn-adaptor                                   [Zwemmer] isma-1                                          [Dunne] isma-2                                          [Dunne] telerate					    [Peng] ciena                                         [Rodbell] dcap-servers                                  [RFC2114] dcap-clients					 [RFC2114] mcntp-directory				    [Rupp] mbone-vcr-directory		               [Holfelder] heartbeat					 [Mamakos] sun-mc-grp					 [DeMoney] extended-sys				           [Poole] pdrncs				      [Wissenbach] tns-adv-multi				   [Albin] vcals-dmu					 [Shindoh] zuba                                          [Jackson] hp-device-disc                               [Albright] tms-production                                 [Gilani] sunscalar					  [Gibson] mmtp-poll                                    [Costales] compaq-peer					   [Volpe] iapp						   [Meier] multihasc-com			       [Brockbank] serv-discovery				  [Honton] mdhcpdisover				           [Patel] MMP-bundle-discovery1                          [Malkin] MMP-bundle-discovery2                          [Malkin] XYPOINT DGPS Data Feed                          [Green] GilatSkySurfer				     [Gal] SharesLive                                     [Rowatt] NorthernData				          [Sheers] SIP				             [Schulzrinne] IAPP                                          [Moelard] AGENTVIEW				            [Iyer] Tibco Multicast1                                 [Shum] Tibco Multicast2                                 [Shum] MSP                                             [Caves] OTT (One-way Trip Time)                      [Schwartz] TRACKTICKER                                    [Novick] dtn-mc                                         [Gaddie] jini-announcement			       [Scheifler] jini-request                                [Scheifler] sde-discovery				 [Aronson] DirecPC-SI					  [Dillon] B1RMonitor                                    [Purkiss] 3Com-AMP3 dRMON                               [Banthia] imFtmSvc                                       [Bhatti] NQDS4					   [Flynn] NQDS5					   [Flynn] NQDS6					   [Flynn] NLVL12					   [Flynn] NTDS1					   [Flynn] NTDS2					   [Flynn] NODSA					   [Flynn] NODSB					   [Flynn] NODSC					   [Flynn] NODSD					   [Flynn] NQDS4R					   [Flynn] NQDS5R					   [Flynn] NQDS6R					   [Flynn] NLVL12R					   [Flynn] NTDS1R					   [Flynn] NTDS2R					   [Flynn] NODSAR					   [Flynn] NODSBR					   [Flynn] NODSCR					   [Flynn] NODSDR					   [Flynn] MRM						     [Wei] TVE-FILE				     [Blackketter] TVE-ANNOUNCE			     [Blackketter] Mac Srv Loc                                 [Woodcock] Simple Multicast                           [Crowcroft] SpectraLinkGW				[Hamilton] dieboldmcast			           [Marsh] Tivoli Systems                               [Gabriel] pq-lic-mcast				  [Sledge] HYPERFEED				      [Kreutzjans] Pipesplatform                                [Dissett] LiebDevMgmg-DM				  [Velten] TRIBALVOICE				        [Thompson] UDLR-DTCP                                    [Cipiere] PolyCom Relay1                              [Coutiere] Infront Multi1			        [Lindeman] XRX DEVICE DISC				    [Wang] CNN                                            [Lynch] PTP-primary					  [Eidson] PTP-alternate1				  [Eidson] PTP-alternate2				  [Eidson] PTP-alternate3				  [Eidson] ProCast					  [Revzen] 3Com Discp					   [White] CS-Multicasting                               [Stanev] TS-MC-1				       [Sveistrup] Make Source					    [Daga] Teleborsa				       [Strazzera] SUMAConfig					 [Wallach]  Unassigned                          [JBP]  "rwho" Group (BSD) (unofficial)                   [JBP]  SUN RPC PMAPPROC_CALLIT                          [BXE1] SIAC MDD Service                     [Tse] CoolCast                       [Ballister] WOZ-Garage		       [Marquardt] SIAC MDD Market Service          [Lamberg] RFE Generic Service                 [DXS3] RFE Individual Conferences          [DXS3] CDPD Groups                  [Bob Brenner] SIAC Market Service                  [Cho] Unassigned			    [IANA] Cornell ISIS Project           [Tim Clark] Unassigned			    [IANA] Where-Are-You                    [Simpson] INTV                               [Tynan] Invisible Worlds                 [Malamud] DLSw Groups                        [Lee] NCC.NET Audio                    [Rubin] Microsoft and MSNBC              [Blank] UUNET PIPEX  Net News           [Barber] NLANR				 [Wessels] Hewlett Packard         [van der Meulen] XingNet		        [Uusitalo] Mercantile & Commodity Exchange [Gilani] NDQMD1			  [Nelson] ODN-DTV			  [Hodges] Dow Jones                         [Peng] Walt Disney Company             [Watson] Cal Multicast                    [Moran] SIAC Market Service                [Roy] IIG Multicast                     [Carr] Metropol                      [Crawford] Xenoscience, Inc.                 [Timm] MS-IP/TV                          [Wong] Reliable Network Solutions      [Vogels] TRACKTICKER Group               [Novick] Talarian MCAST                  [Mendal] WORLD MCAST			 [Stewart] Domain Scoped Group	          [Fenner] Report Group                  [Fenner] Query Group                   [Fenner] Border Routers                [Fenner]  ST Multicast Groups        [RFC1190,KS14]  Multimedia Conference Calls         [SC3]              SAPv1 Announcements               [SC3]              SAPv0 Announcements (deprecated)  [SC3]  SAP Dynamic Assignments           [SC3] DIS transient groups     [Joel Snyder]  MALLOC (temp - renew 12/99)   [Handley]  VMTP transient groups            [DRC3]
                           see single-source-multicast file  Static Allocations (temp - renew 6/00) [Meyer2] Administratively Scoped    [IANA,RFC2365] Reserved                    [IANA] Reserved                    [IANA] Reserved                    [IANA] Organization-Local Scope   [Meyer,RFC2365] Site-Local Scope (reserved)[Meyer,RFC2365] Site-Local Scope (reserved)[Meyer,RFC2365] Site-Local Scope (reserved)[Meyer,RFC2365] Site-Local Scope           [Meyer,RFC2365]

There is a concept of relative addresses to be used with the scoped
multicast addresses.  These relative addresses are listed here:

Relative  Description                                          Reference
--------- ---------------------------------------------------- ---------
    0     SAP Session Announcement Protocol                    [Handley]
    1     MDHCP Protocol                                         [Patel]
    2	  SLPv2 Discovery                                      [Guttman]
    3     MZAP							[Thaler]

These addresses are listed in the Domain Name Service under MCAST.NET
and 224.IN-ADDR.ARPA.

Note that when used on an Ethernet or IEEE 802 network, the 23
low-order bits of the IP Multicast address are placed in the low-order
23 bits of the Ethernet or IEEE 802 net multicast address  See the section on "IANA ETHERNET ADDRESS BLOCK".


[RFC1045] Cheriton, D., "VMTP: Versatile Message Transaction
          Protocol Specification", RFC 1045, Stanford University,
          February 1988.

[RFC1075] Waitzman, D., C. Partridge, and S. Deering "Distance Vector
          Multicast Routing Protocol", RFC-1075, BBN STC, Stanford
          University, November 1988.

[RFC1112] Deering, S., "Host Extensions for IP Multicasting",
          STD 5, RFC 1112, Stanford University, August 1989.

[RFC1119] Mills, D., "Network Time Protocol (Version 1), Specification
          and Implementation", STD 12, RFC 1119, University of
          Delaware, July 1988.

[RFC1190] Topolcic, C., Editor, "Experimental Internet Stream
          Protocol, Version 2 (ST-II)", RFC 1190, CIP Working Group,
          October 1990.

[RFC2328] Moy, J., "OSPF Version 2", STD 54, RFC 2328, Ascend
          Communications, April 1998.

[RFC1723] Malkin, G., "RIP Version 2: Carying Additional Information",
          RFC 1723, Xylogics, November 1994.

[RFC1884] Hinden, R., and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing
          Architecture", RFC 1884, Ipsilon Networks, Xerox PARC,
          December 1995.

[RFC2114] Chiang, S, J. Lee adn H. Yasuda, "Data Link Switching Client
          Access Protocol", RFC 2114, Cisco, Mitsubishi
	  February 1997.

[RFC2365] Meyer, D., "Administratively Scoped IP Multicast", RFC 2365,
	  University of Oregon, July 1998.


[Albin] Jerome Albin, <albin {AT} taec.enet.dec.com>, June 1997.

[Albright] Shivaun Albright, <shivaun_albright {AT} hp.com>, July 1997.

[Aronson] Peter Aronson, <paronson {AT} esri.com>, August 1998.

<arnoldm {AT} microsoft.com>

[AXC] Andrew Cherenson <arc {AT} SGI.COM>

[Baker] Fred Baker, <fred {AT} cisco.com>, June 1997.

[Ballardie] Tony Ballardie <A.Ballardie {AT} cs.ucl.ac.uk>, February 1997.

[Ballister] Tom Ballister, <tballister {AT} starguidedigital.com>, July 1997.

[Banthia] Prakash Banthia <prakash_banthia {AT} 3com.com>, September 1998.

[Barber] Tony Barber, <tonyb {AT} pipex.com>, January 1997.

[Bhatti] Zia Bhatti, <zia {AT} netright.com>, September 1998.

[Blackketter] Dean Blackketter <dean {AT} corp.webtv.net>, November 1998.

[Blank] Tom Blank, <tomblank {AT} microsoft.com>, November 1996.

[Braden] Bob Braden, <braden {AT} isi.edu>, April 1996.

[Bob Brenner]

[Brockbank] Darcy Brockbank <darcy {AT} hasc.com>, December 1997.

<bloomer {AT} birch.crd.ge.com>

[BXE1] Brendan Eic <brendan {AT} illyria.wpd.sgi.com>

[BXF] Bruce Factor <ahi!bigapple!bruce {AT} uunet.UU.NET>

[BXS2] Bill Schilit <schilit {AT} parc.xerox.com>

[Carr] Wayne Carr <Wayne_Carr {AT} ccm.intel.com>, December 1997.

[Casner] Steve Casner, <casner {AT} isi.edu>, January 1995.

[Caves] Evan Caves, <evan {AT} acc.com>, June 1998. 

[Chiang] Steve Chiang <schiang {AT} cisco.com>, January 1997

[Cho] Joan Cho/SIAC <jcho {AT} siac.com>, October 1998.

[Cipiere] Patrick Cipiere <Patrick.Cipiere {AT} sophia.inria.fr>, February 1999.

[Costales] Bryan Costales <bcx {AT} infobeat.com>, September 1997.

[Crawford] James Crawford <jcrawford {AT} metropol.net>, May 1998.

[Crowcroft] Jon Crowcroft <jon {AT} hocus.cs.ucl.ac.uk>, November 1998.

[CXM3] Chuck McManis <cmcmanis {AT} sun.com>

[Tim Clark]

[Daga] Anthony Daga <anthony {AT} mksrc.com>, June 1999.

[DeMoney] Michael DeMoney <demoney {AT} eng.sun.com>, April 1997.

[Dillon] Doug Dillon <dillon {AT} hns.com>, August 1998.

[Dissett] Daniel Dissett <ddissett {AT} peerlogic.com>, December 1998.

[DLM1] David Mills <Mills {AT} HUEY.UDEL.EDU>

[DRC3] Dave Cheriton <cheriton {AT} DSG.STANFORD.EDU>

[Dunne] Stephen Dunne, <sdun {AT} isma.co.uk>, January 1997.

[DXS3] Daniel Steinber <Daniel.Steinberg {AT} Eng.Sun.COM>

[Eidson] John Eidson <eidson {AT} hpl.hp.com>, April 1999.

[Fenner] Bill Fenner <fenner {AT} parc.xerox.com>, December 1997.

[Farinacci] Dino Farinacci, <dino {AT} cisco.com>, February, March 1996.

[Flynn] Edward Flynn <flynne {AT} nasdaq.com>, September 1998.

[Gabriel] Jon Gabriel <grabriel {AT} tivoli.com>, December 1998.

[Gaddie] Bob Gaddie, <bobg {AT} dtn.com>, August 1998.

[Gal] Yossi Gal <yossi {AT} gilat.com>, February 1998.

[Gibson] Terry Gibson, <terry.gibson {AT} sun.com>, August 1997.

[Gilani] Asad Gilani, <agilani {AT} nymex.com>, July 1997.


[Gordon] Howard Gordon <hgordon {AT} xingtech.com>

[Green] Cliff Green <cgreen {AT} xypoint.com>, February 1998.

[Guttman] Erik Guttman <Erik.Guttman {AT} eng.sun.com>, March 1998.

[Hamilton] Mark Hamilton <mah {AT} spectralink.com>, November 1998.

[Handley] Mark Handley <mjh {AT} ISI.EDU>, December 1998.

[Hinden] Bob Hinden <hinden {AT} Ipsilon.com>, November 1997.

[Hodges] Richard Hodges <rh {AT} source.net>, March 1999.

[Holfelder] Wieland Holdfelder, <whd {AT} pi4.informatik.uni-mannheim.de>,

January 1997.

[Honton] Chas Honton, <chas {AT} secant.com>, December 1997.

[IANA] IANA <iana {AT} iana.org>

[Iyer] Ram Iyer <ram {AT} aaccorp.com>, March 1998.

[Jackson] Dan Jackson, <jdan {AT} us.ibm.com>, September 1997.

[Janssen] Rob Janssen, <rob {AT} pe1chl.ampr.org>, January 1995.

[JBP] Jon Postel <postel {AT} isi.edu>
[JXM1] Jim Miner <miner {AT} star.com>

[Kean] Brian Kean, <bkean {AT} dca.com>, August 1995.

[Kreutzjans] Michael Kreutzjans, <mike {AT} pcquote.com>, December 1998.

[KS14] Karen Seo <kseo {AT} bbn.com> 

[Lamberg] Mike Lamberg <mlamberg {AT} siac.com>, February 1997.

[Lee] Choon Lee, <cwl {AT} nsd.3com.com>, April 1996.

[Lewis] Mark Lewis, <Mark_Lewis {AT} ccm.jf.intel.com>, October 1995.

[Lindeman] Morten Lindeman <Morten.Lindeman {AT} os.telia.no>, March 1999.

[Lynch] Joel Lynch <joel.lynch {AT} cnn.com>, April 1999.

[Malamud] Carl Malamud, <carl {AT} invisible.net>, April 1998.

[Andrew Maffei]

[Malkin] Gary Scott Malkin <gmalkin {AT} baynetworks.com>, February 1998.

[Mamakos] Louis Mamakos, <louie {AT} uu.net>, March 1997.

[Marocho] Jose Luis Marocho, <73374.313 {AT} compuserve.com>, July 1996.

[Marquardt] Douglas Marquardt, <dmarquar {AT} woz.org>, February 1997.

[Marsh] Gene Marsh <MarshM {AT} diebold.com>, November 1998.

[Meier] Bob Meier, <meierb {AT} norand.com>, December 1997.

[Mendal] Geoff Mendal, <mendal {AT} talarian.com>, January 1999.

[Meyer] David Meyer, <meyer {AT} ns.uoregon.edu>, January 1997.

[Meyer2] David Meyer, <dmm {AT} cisco.com>, June 1999 - MALLOC assignment
for temp use: renew 06/2000

[Moelard] Henri Moelard <HMOELARD {AT} wcnd.nl.lucent.com>, March 1998.

[Moran] Ed Moran, <admin {AT} cruzjazz.com>, October 1997.

[John Moy] John Moy <jmoy {AT} casc.com>

[MXF2] Martin Forssen <maf {AT} dtek.chalmers.se>

[Nelson] Gunnar Nelson <nelsong {AT} nasd.com>, March 1999.

[Novick] Alan Novick <anovick {AT} tdc.com>, August 1998.

[Patel] Baiju Patel <baiju_v_patel {AT} mail.intel.com>, January 1998.

[Peng] Wenjie Peng <wpeng {AT} tts.telerate.com>, January 1997.

[Poole] David Poole <davep {AT} extendsys.com>, April 1997.

[Purkiss] Ed Purkiss <epurkiss {AT} wdmacodi.com>, September 1998.

[Revzen] Shai Revzen <shrevz {AT} nmcfast.com>, April 1999.

[Rodbell] Mike Rodbell <mrodbell {AT} ciena.com>, January 1997.

[Guido van Rossum]

[Rowatt] Shane Rowatt <shane.rowatt {AT} star.com.au>, March 1997.

[Roy] George Roy <c/o Bill Owens owens {AT} appliedtheory.com>, October 1997.

[Rubin] David Rubin, <drubin {AT} ncc.net>, August 1996.

[Rupp] Heiko Rupp <hwr {AT} xlink.net>, January 1997.

[SC3] Steve Casner <casner {AT} precept.com>

[Scheifler] Bob Scheifler <Bob.Scheifler {AT} sun.com>, August 1998.

[Schwartz] Beverly Schwartz <bschwart {AT} BBN.COM>, June 1998.

[Shindoh] Masato Shindoh <jl11456 {AT} yamato.ibm.co.jp>, August 1997.

[Shum] Raymond Shum <rshum {AT} ms.com>, April 1998.

[Simpson] Bill Simpson <bill.simpson {AT} um.cc.umich.edu> November 1994.

[Sledge] Bob Sledge <bob {AT} pqsystems.com>, December 1998.

[Joel Snyder]

[Stanev] Nedelcho Stanev <nstanev {AT} csoft.bg>, May 1999.

[Stewart] Ian Stewart <iandbige {AT} yahoo.com>, June 1999.

[Strazzera] Paolo Strazzera <p.strazzera {AT} telematica.it>, June 1999.

[Sveistrup] Darrell Sveistrup <darrells {AT} truesolutions.net>, June 1999.

[SXA] Susie Armstrong <Armstrong.wbst128 {AT} XEROX.COM>

[SXD] Steve Deering <deering {AT} PARC.XEROX.COM>

[Thaler] Dave Thaler <dthaler {AT} microsoft.com>, March 1999.

[Thompson] Nigel Thompson <nigelt {AT} tribal.com>, January 1999.

[Timm] Mary Timm <mary {AT} xenoscience.com>, July 1998.

[tynan] Dermot Tynan, <dtynan {AT} claddagh.ie>, August 1995.

[Toga] Jim Toga, <jtoga {AT} ibeam.jf.intel.com>, May 1996.

[Tse] Geordie Tse, <gtse {AT} siac.com>, April 1996.

[Uang] Yea Uang <uang {AT} force.decnet.lockheed.com> November 1994.

[Uusitalo] Mika Uusitalo <msu {AT} xingtech.com>, April 1997.

[van der Muelen] Ron van der Muelen <ronv {AT} lsid.hp.com> February 1997.

[Veizades] John Veizades, <veizades {AT} tgv.com>, May 1995.

[Velten] Mike Velten <mike_velten {AT} liebert.com>, January 1999.

[Vogels] Werner Vogels <vogels {AT} rnets.com>, August 1998.

[Volpe] Victor Volpe <vvolpe {AT} smtp.microcom.com>, October 1997.

[Wallach] Walter Wallach <walt {AT} sumatech.com>, July 1999.

[Wang] Michael Wang <Michael.Wang {AT} usa.xerox.com>, March 1999.

[Watson] Scott Watson <scott {AT} disney.com>, August 1997.

[Wei] Liming Wei <lwei {AT} cisco.com>, October 1998.

[Wessels] Duane Wessels, <wessels {AT} nlanr.net>, February 1997.

[White] Peter White <peter_white {AT} 3com.com>, April 1999.

[Wissenbach] Paul Wissenbach, <paulwi {AT} vnd.tek.com>, June 1997.

[Wong] Tony Wong, <wongt {AT} ms.com>, July 1998.

[Woodcock] Bill Woodcock <woody {AT} zocalo.net>, November 1998.

[Yackle] Dotty Yackle, <ditty_yackle {AT} dantz.com>, February 1996.

[Zwemmer] Arnoud Zwemmer, <arnoud {AT} nwn.nl>, November 1996.



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