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geertogram [061699]: Koha Ditore, ANEM, radio 21

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Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 14:17:19 -0100
From: nettime's_digestive_system <>
Subject: geertogram [061699]: Koha Ditore, ANEM, radio 21

Geert Lovink <>
          Flash 45: Koha Ditore Publisher and Editor Safe in Kosovo
          [B92press] ANEM press release 
          radio 21

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Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 09:05:22 +0200 (CEST)
From: Geert Lovink <>
Subject: Flash 45: Koha Ditore Publisher and Editor Safe in Kosovo

Date: Tue, 15 Jun 1999 15:54:26 -0400
From: Skye Donald <>
Subject: Flash 45: Koha Ditore Publisher and Editor Safe in Kosovo


Human Rights Watch
Kosovo Flash # 45


(New York, June 15, 1999)- The Albanian-language newspaper Koha Ditore
reported today that its publisher, Veton Surroi, and the editor of its
English edition, Dukagjin Gorani, are safe and sound in Pristina.  Mr.
Surroi, who was a member of the Albanian delegation in Rambouillet,
France, spent the past eleven weeks in Pristina.  He is now under the
protection of British NATO forces.

Koha Ditore was the largest and most influential Albanian-language
newspaper in Kosovo. On March 24, the Serbian police shot and killed the
guard at the newspaper's office in Pristina, and then ransacked the
office.  The paper resumed publication on April 22 out of Tetovo,
Macedonia.  Yesterday distribution began in Albania (10,000 copies) and
into Kosovo (more than 2,000 copies).

For further information contact:
Fred Abrahams (New York): 212-216-1270
Jean-Paul Marthoz (Brussels): 322-736-7838

This human rights flash is an occasional information bulletin from Human
Rights Watch. It will include human rights updates on the situation in
Yugoslavia generally and in Kosovo specifically. To subscribe to the
flashes, send an email to, or see the HRW website:


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Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 09:11:22 +0200 (CEST)
From: Geert Lovink <>
Subject: [B92press] ANEM press release 

Date: Tue, 15 Jun 1999 20:48:10 +0200 (CEST)
From: Maurice Wessling <>

ANEM press release

June 15th, 1999


BELGRADE, June 14, 1999 -- ANEM, the Association of Independent 
Electronic Media in Yugoslavia today protests most sternly at the 
laying of misdemeanour charges against Zoran Malesevic, the owner of 
Radio Senta and VK Radio in Kikinda, the ban on Television Mladenovac 
and the continuing confiscations of periodicals being distributed 
across the Yugoslav borders. ANEM also salutes the resumption of work 
by Television Soko, the independent broadcaster in Sokobanja.

Zoran Malesevic will appear today in a hearing in the Kikinda 
Municipal Misdemeanour Court on charges filed against him by the 
Yugoslav Telecommunications Ministry. The ministry claims Mr Malesevic 
has been operating radio stations without a licence. On the night of 
April 2 the ministry banned Radio VK, VK II Channel and Radio Senta 
with the justification that the stations had been "operating against 
the interests of the defence of the country". Now the ministry claims 
that Malesevic did not have licences for his radio stations. This is 
despite the fact that the ministry had received complete documentation 
in the public frequency competition of February 1998, which obliged 
the ministry to issue the licence as it had collected fees for the use 
of the frequencies from Mr Malesevic's stations. The ministry has 
repeatedly undertaken similar actions over more than half a year, 
initiating misdemeanour procedures against the owners of all banned 
stations. ANEM demands that the misdemeanour agencies dismiss the 
charges against Mr Malesevic, as has happened with the owners of all 
ANEM affiliates which have been subject to similar charges. ANEM also 
warns that such repression is increasingly targeting owners and 
editors rather than media companies.

On the night of June 12, the Yugoslav Telecommunications Ministry 
banned Television Mladenovac, which was operating as an outlet of 
Studio B Television. At the same time, Studio B Television was ordered 
to continue rebroadcasting news programs from state Radio Television 
Serbia with the justification that the state of war in Yugoslavia was 
still current. Although it formally rejected the ministry's order, 
Studio B has resumed rebroadcasts of the RTS prime time news show, 
saying that it was doing so out of professional solidarity as the 
general manager of state television had requested continuation of the 
rebroadcasts for "another couple of days". Studio B demanded that 
Television Mladenovac be permitted to resume operations immediately.

ANEM demands that Television Mladenovac be allowed to continue its 
work without hindrance, and that the Yugoslav authorities cease 
issuing orders to the media. ANEM emphasises that no regulation, 
including those passed in wartime, gives those authorities the right 
to take this action.

Since June 9, the Serbian police on Serbian borders have confiscated 
all copies of Nezavisne Novine, a newspaper published in Republika 
Srpska. The police have not provided any explanation or legal 
justification for doing so. Nezavisne Novine has covered the 
resolution of the Kosovo crisis in a manner which has allowed all 
political leaders to present their views on the responsibility of the 
Serbian regime for the recent developments and war in Serbia. ANEM 
demands that the practice of confiscating newspapers, which for the 
past six months has affected not only Nezavisne Novine but also most 
of the Montenegrin independent press, stop immediately, as repression 
and ceaseless propaganda cannot remove the political, or other, 
responsibility of the authorities.

On June 11, independent Television Soko in Sokobanja resumed its 
broadcasts. Television Soko was banned on March 27 by the Yugoslav 
Telecommunications Ministry. Television Soko's editor-in-chief, 
Nebojsa Ristic, was sentenced on April 13 to one year's imprisonment 
for having displayed a Radio B92 poster protesting against repression 
and stifling of the media in Serbia. Mr Ristic is currently serving 
his prison sentence, but the staff of Television Soko have decided to 
resume their broadcasts despite the threats and warnings from the 
authorities not to do so. ANEM supports this decision by Television 
Soko's staff and hopes that other outlets which have been banned on 
the illegal decisions of the authorities will do likewise. ANEM also 
warns the authorities that the continuation of repression against the 
independent media, especially in Sokobanja, could lead to civil 
outrage which would be difficult to control and demands that 
Television Soko be permitted to operate without hindrance.

ANEM emphasises that the repression of the media by the authorities 
has increased since the termination of Nato actions against 
Yugoslavia. ANEM asserts that the continuation of this repression 
could provoke a severe reaction from the public, which is gradually 
recovering from the traumas of war and the withdrawal of the Yugoslav 
armed forces from Kosovo. ANEM emphasises that the freedom of the 
media and cessation of the systematic dissemination of lies and 
propaganda through the media under state control is the first and one 
of the most important steps towards democratisation of the political 
and social life of Serbia.

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Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 10:38:05 +0200 (CEST)
From: Geert Lovink <>
Subject: radio 21

From: Maurice Wessling <>
Subject: radio 21

> Radio 21 now rebroadcast by Radio Netherlands on 9495 Khz, from 18.30-20.25

That is 18.30-20.25 UTC (also called GMT). In the Netherlands and in 
Kosovo time is GMT+2. So the broadcast is from 20.30 to 22.25 hours, every
day of the week.

Radio Netherlands is using a very powerful short wave transmitter in
Flevoland that is directed to the Balkans. Radio Netherlands directs its
transmitter to the sky, the signal is reflected by the stratosphere and
comes down in Kosovo. It is probably not possible to listen to the program
if you are located in Amsterdam. Could be if your antenna is on top of a
really high building.

I've been working with Adam, radio 21 and radio Netherlands in the last
week to get everything working. First idea of radio 21 was that they would
make netradio and have a simultaneous short wave re-broadcast. We started
experimenting to let them stream a realaudio signal to xs4all over the
internet. This didn't work because the internet connections between
Macedonia and the Netherlands are not good enough to have a sustained
stream. The signal was bad and the realaudio player had to re-buffer every
few minutes.

We then decided to try it by ISDN. Radio 21 is making a direct ISDN phone
call from Skopje to Amsterdam. This is working perfectly but is of course
a guarantee for a high phone bill. All other options like a direct leased
line or satellite were considered but are more expensive or not feasible
on a short term.

Then we had to get the signal from xs4all to radio Netherlands. This is
also done over a modem link for quality reasons. By this time everybody
was basically surprised by the pace of positive events in Kosovo and it
was clear for radio netherlands that they could not go through an
extensive testing program as they would normally do. They had some serious
problems with modems (they never used a modem before, why should they) but
those were solved friday. We made some system that is automating the start
of the windows realplayer that is feeding their transmitter. That was
surely the most funny windows stuff I've ever been involved in.

By this time radio 21 was completely focussed on short wave. Getting the
news to the people in the camps. Realaudio is now just a way of transport.
The program is totally in albanian and the music is quite mainstream. They
have however some good english realaudio news on their website:

And radio Netherlands has an excellent page about media in the region: