|Chris Byrne on Tue, 30 Mar 1999 17:32:20 +0100|
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|RHIZOME_RAW: Fwd: Syndicate: IWPR'S BALKAN CRISIS REPORT, NO. 11|
>X-Authentication-Warning: web.aec.at: mdomo set sender to owner-syndicate >using -f >Date: Mon, 29 Mar 1999 23:20:58 +0200 (CEST) >From: Geert Lovink <email@example.com> >To: firstname.lastname@example.org >Subject: Syndicate: IWPR'S BALKAN CRISIS REPORT, NO. 11 >MIME-Version: 1.0 >Sender: email@example.com >Precedence: bulk > >From: Tony Borden <firstname.lastname@example.org> > >WELCOME TO IWPR'S BALKAN CRISIS REPORT, NO. 11, 29 MARCH 1999 > >BLOOD ON THE WALK. While the situation throughout the province >deteriorates, our correspondent in Pristina sees burning and looting, and >bloodstains on the sidewalk. > >TIRANA CALLS FOR GROUND TROOPS. While terror increases in Kosovo, and >refugees mount in Albania, Tirana appeals for NATO to intervene with >ground troops to halt the violence. Fron Nazi reports. > >***************************************************** > >IWPR's network of leading correspondents in the region provide inside >analysis of the events and issues driving crises in the Balkans. The >reports are available on the Web in English, Serbian and Albanian; >English-language reports are also available via e-mail. For syndication >information, contact Anthony Borden <email@example.com>. > >The project is supported by the European Commission and Press Now. > >*** VISIT IWPR ON-LINE: www.iwpr.net *** > >To subscribe to this service, send an e-mail to <firstname.lastname@example.org>; >in the body of the email write the message <subscribe balkan-reports>. To >unsubscribe, write <unsubscribe balkan-reports>, Alternatively, contact >Duncan Furey directly for subscription assistance at <email@example.com>. > >For further details on this project and other information services and >media programmes, visit IWPR's Website: <www.iwpr.net>. > >Editor: Anthony Borden. News and Internet Editor: Rohan Jayasekera. >Assistant Editing: Alan Davis. Translation by Denisa Kostovic and Alban >Mitrushi. > >"Balkan Crisis Report" is produced under IWPR's Balkan Crisis Information >Project. The project seeks to contribute to regional and international >understanding of the regional crisis and prospects for resolution. > >The Institute for War & Peace Reporting (IWPR) is a London-based >independent non-profit organisation supporting regional media and >democratic change. > >Lancaster House, 33 Islington High Street, London N1 9LH, United Kingdom >Tel: (44 171) 713 7130; Fax: (44 171) 713 7140 E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org; >Web: www.iwpr.net > >The opinions expressed in "Balkan Crisis Report" are those of the authors >and do not necessarily represent those of the publication or of IWPR. > >Copyright (C) 1999 The Institute for War & Peace Reporting <www.iwpr.net>. > >************************************************* > >BLOOD ON THE WALK > >While the situation throughout the province deteriorates, general chaos >reigns in Pristina, with burning and looting, and bloodstains on the >sidewalk. > >An IWPR Correspondent in Pristina * > >The situation outside the capital seems to be descending into a real >nightmare, while in Pristina we have the same chaos we have had for days. > >Up to 30,000 Albanians have fled their towns and villages for Albania, and >we hear that tens of thousands of Albanians have been taken out of their >homes in Pec, in the western part of the province, by Serbian police and >are being escorted in columns towards Rozhaje over the Kosovo border in >Montenegro. Albanian sources say that more than 100 people in the town >have been killed, dead bodies are lying on the streets, and after shelling >and looting, the old part of the town has been destroyed. Gjakovica, it >seems, is also aflame, and many people have been killed there, too. > >According to reports from Kosovapress, the news agency of the Kosovo >Liberation Army agency, Serbian police entered the village of Cirez, where >more than 15,000 refugees live in the open for more than two weeks, and >forced them into a nearby military building-a possible NATO target. The >actual events here, and the number of people involved, are hard to >confirm, but everyone fears mass executions. > >In Pristina, the only people out on the streets are police and a great >number of armed (Serbian) civilians wandering around the streets of the >town, shooting in various directions. The looting, burning and general >destruction continues. Shops are completely gutted, and everything taken. >Cafes and restaurants--including the small hidden cafe where all the >journalists used to meet--have been heavily damaged. > >Last night there were many explosions in the town--and not just from NATO >bombs. This is the case especially around Dragodan, a residential part of >Pristina, where there have been constant explosions. Albanians living in >private houses there are particularly vulnerable. > >I don't sleep at home at night, but in the mornings when I come back, I >can see lots of blood on the ground, though it is impossible to know who >got wounded or killed the previous night. > >It seems that the authorities are trying to get people to flee. In many >residential buildings, little papers were posted with the emblem of the >Kosovo Liberation Army calling on people to leave their houses and go away >from the towns. But some regional KLA commanders denied any links with the >documents, and since the Albanian language in it has many mistakes, we >expect they have been posted by the authorities. This isn't the first time >counterfeit posters have been pasted around town exhorting the people to >do one thing or another. > >The problem is that there's not much chance of going anyway. The bus >station in Pristina is full, and buses are still travelling. But they only >head north, towards Serbia, and only Serbs are allowed to board. Albanians >are kicked off. Otherwise, there is no way to get out of town. The streets >are full of paramilitary units controlling the roads, and no one would >dare to try to pass. Some, through bribes and other means, have apparently >found a way out, and almost none of my journalist colleagues are around >any more. > >Even if you have some money, there's almost nothing to by in the shops. In >those few that haven't been destroyed, there's very little to buy: no >bread, no milk, no flour, no sugar. You need a fortune to buy a pack of >cigarettes-and they are becoming increasingly scarce-or medicine. We had a >better night with the phone lines last night, and we able to receive >calls. But now only a few lines are still working, the mobile network is >down, and we are afraid the whole system will simply be switched off soon. >The Internet, through which I was able to file this report, belongs to a >family linked to the Serbian government, and we expect it will also stop >functioning. > >Meanwhile, on state-run media proudly proclaims that "Yugoslavia has >entered history as the only state that shot down a NATO plane." The >burnings and destruction that we see every night are, according to Serb >TV, all caused by NATO. > >* This report is written by IWPR's correspondent in Pristina, whose name >is withheld to protect from reprisals. > > >TIRANA CALLS FOR GROUND TROOPS > >While terror increases in Kosovo, and refugees mount in Albania, Tirana >appeals for NATO to intervene with ground troops to halt the violence. > >By Fron Nazi in Tirana > >NATO air strikes were intended to bring Belgrade to its knees. But >Belgrade has responded by building an iron curtain around Kosovo and >launching a wave of terror against the Kosovars. In the past two days, up >to 30,000 refugees have crossed the border into Albania, into the towns of >Kukes and Has. The stories they tell are of extreme violence, and >immediate expulsions from their homes. Key figures in the Albanian elite >have been killed, gone into hiding or escaped Kosovo. Others are reported >to have been detained. > >According to Gazmund Pula, President of the Kosovo Helsinki Committee, >"Twenty thousand people have been detained by Serb forces, but it is not >known what has happened to them. Also, criminals have been released from >prisons to assist the Serbian forces with their anti-Albanian campaign." >Speaking from Kosovo, Pula added, "We know that 20 people were killed in >front of students. . . . As to the journalists, activists, and political >leaders, Belgrade has put a death warrant on their heads. Yesterday, the >actor Hadi Shehu best known for portraying Albanian patriots, was killed >in Pristina by the Serbs." > >Since the beginning of NATO air strikes, not only have the Serbian forces >increased their activity against the Kosovars but also against Albania >proper. Serb forces have launched bombs in the northern village of Tropaj, >destroying four homes, while in the nearby village of Kamnic, Serb forces >entered the village and began shooting indiscriminately. There were no >reports of any serious injuries. > >Rexhep Meidani, the president of Albania, has appealed to the West to >intervene with ground troops in Kosovo to stop the killing. At a press >conference with journalists he stressed that there was "only one war going >on in the territory of what has remained from Yugoslavia and this is the >inhuman war of Slobodan Milosevic regime against an undefended population, >against Albanians." Arguing that the terror in Kosovo will not end without >NATO troops, he stressed, "It is essential to accelerate NATO actions and >find a way . . . to intervene on the ground." > >Fron Nazi is an IWPR senior editor. > + + + -> RHIZOME COMMUNICATIONS -> post: email@example.com -> questions: firstname.lastname@example.org -> answers: http://www.rhizome.org -> unsubscribe: http://www.rhizome.org/unsubscribe/ + + + posts to RHIZOME RAW are subject to the terms set out in the Subscriber Agreement available online at <http://www.rhizome.org/subscribe/>.