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<nettime> Announcements [publications x9]

   edri-gram: a new bi-weekly newsletter about digital civil rights in Europe
     "geert lovink" <>      
   Contextin' Art Spring issue launched
     Ryan Griffis <>      
   INFOVIR 04.03
     miguel leal <>     
   Fwd: Turbulence Artists Studio: Lewis LaCook 
     Lewis LaCook <>      
   pranksta pranksta
     "abraham linkoln" <>   
   New Journal: "Aporia"  
     Ana Valdes <>    
   fAf April 03: Arts Resources Online
     linda carroli <>      
   DIAN Announcement for April
     DIAN <>   


Date: Sat, 29 Mar 2003 02:26:12 +1100
From: "geert lovink" <>
Subject: edri-gram: a new bi-weekly newsletter about digital civil rights in Europe



    bi-weekly newsletter about digital civil rights in Europe

                     Number 5, 27 March 2003


1. No legal basis for transfer of passenger data
2. EU building bugged
3. French Constitutional Council validates computer search without
4. Polish providers fight email monitoring obligation
5. Restrictions on cryptography in Spain
6. UK home office not amused with big brother award
7. Recommended reading: avoiding spam
8. Agenda
9. About

1. No legal basis for transfer of passenger data

The agreement between the European Commission and U.S. authorities on
the transmission of passenger name record data (PNR) has encountered
fierce opposition during a public hearing at the European parliament.
The agreement gives the U.S Customs on-line access to passenger name
record data of all EU based airlines for flights that go to, from or
through the U.S.

During the 25 March public hearing in the European parliament the
Commission argued that it had no choice but to accept the U.S. demands
for passenger data. Threats to fine European airlines or even halt
landing rights were taken very seriously by the Commission. But many
participants were not satisfied with the explanation that the
Commission had been blackmailed and couldn't do anything about it. They
argued that the transfer of PNR data has no legal basis and is a direct
violation of the EU data protection directive.

Stefano Rodotà, chairman of the Article 29 Working Party (the coalition
of EU privacy commissioners), concluded: "Everybody now realises how
serious this is". He said the EU must take its responsibility and act,
otherwise every third country could change its law and force the EU to
adopt foreign legislation. Three civil liberty organisations (EDRI,
Statewatch and EPIC) testified during the hearing and expressed concern
about the willingness of the European Commission to bypass EU law to
satisfy the U.S.

The scope of the agreement is wide. The agreement says that "Customs
will retain the data no longer than is required for the purpose for
which it was stored". But at the same time it is clear that the data is
stored for an almost unlimited number of purposes, certainly not
limited to fighting terrorism: "PNR data is used by Customs strictly
for enforcement purposes, including use in threat analysis to identify
and interdict potential terrorists and other threats to national and
public security". The U.S. Customs will also share the data with all
other U.S. agencies: "Other law enforcement entities may specifically
request PNR information from Customs and Customs, in its discretion,
may provide such information for national security or in furtherance of
other legitimate law enforcement purposes". The agreement reads as an
assurance that EU passenger data will be stored in FBI, NSA and CIA

The PNR data consist of all relevant information related to a
passengers flight: departure and return flights, connecting flights,
special services required on board the flight (meals such as Kosher,
Halal) and payment information such as credit card numbers.

EP public hearing: Grave concerns over data protection

European Commission - US Customs talk on Passenger Name Record


The telephones lines in the EU Justus Lipsius building in Brussels,
home of the Council of Ministers, have been tapped for many years. The
bugging devices were discovered in the rooms of the delegations of
Britain, France, Germany, Spain, Italy and Austria. The devices were
placed on lines between the central switchboard and the national

The German delegation ordered their Federal Office for Information
Security (BSI) to examine the bugging devices. The expert called the
building 'wired like a pinball machine'. It is suspected that the
devices were installed during the construction of the building in 1995.

After discovery of the bugs a trap was set up to find out if the
devices would be 'serviced' by the spying agency that had placed them.
Nobody showed up and it is still unclear which country is responsible
for the bugging.

George Papandreou, the Greek foreign minister and spokesman for the
EU's presidency, said the eavesdropping is a waste of time. "To all
those who feel that it is necessary to tap our phones, we say that
Europe is a very transparent organisation," he said. "They shouldn't go
to such lengths to try to find out information - we can provide it for
them." These remarks have caused quite some amusement with people and
organisations that have been following the EU access to documents
policies in the last years.

Der Spiegel: Spionage gegen EU (in German) (24.03.2003),1518,241722,00.html

Council of the European Union press release (19.03.2003)


The French Constitutional Council recently validated the Internal
Safety Law ('Loi sur la sécurité intérieure'), adopted by the
Parliament on February 13. This decision has been commented by the
Human Rights League - LDH, the French member of the International Human
Rights Federation - as a 'step backwards for the rule of law'.

Among the many provisions infringing privacy and other human rights,
one authorizes the immediate access by Law Enforcement Authorities to
the computer data of Telecommunications Operators, including Internet
Access Providers, as well as of almost any public or private institute,
organization or company. The second important measure authorizes the
searching without warrant of any information system, provided that its
data are accessible through the network from a computer being searched
with a warrant (e.g. all computers in a P2P network may now be searched
on the basis of a single warrant for one of them). If the data are
stored in a computer located in a foreign country, then their access
remains subject to applicable international agreements.

These provisions implement parts of Article 19 (search and seizure of
stored computer data) of the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention,
signed but not yet ratified by France. The Convention, which has been
opened to signatures since 23 November 2001, has not entered into force
to date. It has been strongly criticized by many Human Rights
organizations as well as by professional experts.

EDRI-member IRIS notes in its press release that the French
transposition of Article 19 of the Cybercrime Treaty doesn't even
fulfil the minimal conditions and safeguards stated in Article 15, in
reference to international instruments for the protection of human
rights and fundamental freedoms.

(Contribution by Meryem Marzouki, IRIS)

Statement by Ligue des droits de l'Homme (in French)

Statement by IRIS (in French)

Treaty Watch


According to an item on Warsaw Polish Radio 1 on 19 March 2002,
telecommunication providers in Poland have received an order from the
Ministry of Infrastructure to install email wiretapping equipment.

In the item counsellor Daniel Wieszczycki stated the order is contrary
to the Constitutional right of secrecy of correspondence. In pursuance
of the order, the operators are obliged to connect their lines to
authorized surveillance institutions. These are the Internal Security
Agency, the Intelligence Agency, the Military Gendarmerie, the Border
Guard, the police and the military intelligence.

Counsellor Wieszczycki emphasized that the Internet communities have
already announced that they would take the order to the Constitutional
Tribunal. He said: "we noticed some characteristics of this order, such
as a lack of respect for the Constitutional right to protection of
secrecy of communication. Indeed, it orders the application of
technical solutions which will make impossible court supervision of the
installation of such monitoring provisions or of surveillance in

Translation source: Foreign Broadcast Information Service (USA
government), document number FBIS-EEU-2003-0319


A proposal to modify the Spanish telecommunication law threatens the
free use of cryptography.

The current General Law of Telecommunications (Ley General de
Telecomunicaciones (LGT) already puts some restrictions on the use of
cryptography. The second part of article 52 ('Cifrado en las redes y
servicios de telecomunicaciones', that is, network encryption and
telecommunication services) says:

"Encryption is a security instrument for information. Among its
conditions of use, when it is used to protect the confidentiality of
information, an obligation may be imposed to notify either a General
Administration State authority or a public one of the algorithms or any
other encryption procedure used, in order to control it according to
the law. This obligation will affect developers that include encryption
in their equipment or software, the operators that include it in
networks or in specific services and users that make use of it."

The modification proposal would create an obligation for every user to
hand over their encryption key and password when asked by any public
authority. The revised article (renumbered as 36.2) with the
modification in capitals, looks like this:

"Encryption is a security instrument for information. Among its
conditions of use, when it is used to protect the confidentiality of
information, an obligation may be imposed to notify either a General
Administration State authority or a public one of the keys, the
algorithms or any other encryption procedure used, including all the
technical information related to the used system, and also the
obligation to facilitate, at no cost, the encryption devices used and
the technical information related to the system used in the encryption
procedure, in order to control it according to the law."

The Spanish government has not given any explanation about the need for
this modification, just vague references to the need of some 'control'.

The law would clearly give new impulse to key escrow schemes. In fact
the Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre is allowed by the government to
develop such schemes.

(Contribution by Arturo Quirantes - CPSR-Spain)


Yesterday, Privacy International announced the winners of the 5th
Annual UK 'Big Brother' awards to the government and private sector
organisations that have done the most to invade personal privacy in

Winner of the award for worst public servant is London Mayor Ken
Livingstone, for his efforts in transport surveillance. Prime Minister
Tony Blair received the Lifetime Menace Award. Blair earned the award
partly because of his plans to force phone companies and Internet
service providers to retain user data for 12 months as part of the
country's stepped-up war on terrorism and crime.

According to an article in The Guardian, a representative of the Home
Office attended the event, but did not take the special award for
minister David Blunkett: a (fake) dog poo on a stick. The home
secretary has been a long-time target for privacy campaigners, as a
result of his support for schemes such as entitlement cards.

"These are silly and malicious awards which have rightly been ignored
by most people," said a Home Office press officer.

Privacy International's Director, Simon Davies, said the award winners
reflected the 'prolonged and vicious' attack on the right to privacy.
He said privacy invasion in Britain has become "a vast industry that
threatens the rights of everyone in Britain".

Press release UK Big Brother Awards 2003 (25.03.2003)

Home office attacks "malicious" awards (25.03.2003),12597,922483,00.html


Did you ever wonder how spammers got your email address? According to
new research by the USA-based Center for Democracy and Technology,
publication of your email address on a website is the number one cause
of getting a lot of spam. It definitely helps to disguise your address,
such as replacing '' with 'somebody at domain dot eu'.

Why am I getting all this spam? (19.03.2003)


2-4 April 2003 New York, USA - CFP 2003

6-7 May 2003 Padova, Italy - Information Society Visions and Governance
Contact for information: Claudia Padovani,

8-9 May 2003, Namur, Belgium - Collecting and Producing Electronic
Evidence in Cybercrime Cases
2-day workshop organised by the University of Namur

30 June - 2 July 2003 St Petersburg, Russia - Building the Information

7-10 August 2003 Berlin, Germany - Chaos Computer Camp 2003


EDRI-gram is a bi-weekly newsletter from European Digital Rights, an
association of privacy and civil rights organisations in Europe.
Currently EDRI has 10 members from 7 European countries. EDRI takes an
active interest in developments in the EU accession countries and wants
to share knowledge and awareness through the EDRI-grams. All
contributions, suggestions for content or agenda-tips are most welcome.

Newsletter editor:
Sjoera Nas,

Information about EDRI and its members:

- - EDRI-gram subscription information

subscribe/unsubscribe web interface

subscribe by email
Subject: subscribe

You will receive an automated email asking to confirm your request.

- - EDRI-gram in Spanish

EDRI-gram is also available in Spanish, usually 3 days after the
English edition. The contents are the same. Translations are provided
by David Casacuberta, secretary of the Spanish chapter of Computer
Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR).

To subscribe to the Spanish language EDRI-gram, please visit

or subscribe by email:

Subject: subscribe

- - Newsletter archive

Back issues are available at:

- - Help

Please ask if you have any problems with subscribing or

Publication of this newsletter is made possible by a grant from
the Open Society Institute (OSI).


Date: Tue, 1 Apr 2003 11:56:49 -0800 (PST)
From: Ryan Griffis <>
Subject: Contextin' Art Spring issue launched


1 April 2003

Contextin' Art Spring 2003 issue launched


Artofficial Construction Media (ACM) announces the
premier issue of "Contextin' Art," an online zine for
the exploration of the political economies of new
media art. This issue contains several projects that
provide pathways to the system of linkages between
information technologies, cultural production, and
social infrastructures. What we seek to do is provide
more of an unpacked context, yet one not
overdetermined by a narrow, constrictive reading of
reality. These readings should cross and short
circuit, while remaining grounded in material
The current geo-political situation (US/Iraq and
beyond) has infected all communities, as no one is
immune from its ramifications, however it gets played
out. Resistance to the current, catastrophic
trajectory is vast and highly visual. But for some,
the reality of apocalyptic death has been assimilated
into the mundane fabric of existence. Whether it's in
the "transnational" workforce, or the local disposable
ones, the very act of work (or just wanting work)
means death and oppression. How do the shared concepts
of "transnationalism" and "open borders" get used
aesthetically by both forces of resistance and those
of subjugation? Analogies and metaphors have become
tactical devices for reproducing ideology, as well as
forming counter-ideologies. New Media has been
promised as the ultimate in communication due in part
to its facility in using analogy and metaphor. The
interests these are serving are in need of
Works in the Spring issue are: ACM's "youConnect"; a
series of online projects by Joy Garnett;
"FrictionFree" by Stacy Hardy & Dror Eyal; online
games by Ricardo Miranda Zuñiga; and "coyBOTt"
software by MSDM. Artists' texts provide additional
information and context for these works while articles
by Are Flagan and Ryan Griffis offer critiques of
current new media directives.

"There is no document of civilization which is not at
the same time a document of barbarism."  Walter
"…and the implication is that you're implicated"


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Date: Mon, 7 Apr 2003 00:29:28 +0000
From: miguel leal <>
Subject: INFOVIR 04.03

Apologies for cross-posting


VIROSE ORG: informations, activities and updates []

E-zine vector series b new issue [b#03], that includes projects by 
David Crawford [Stop Motion Studies - series 7] , and still three new 
texts by Christian Oyarzún, Luis Silva e Geert Lovink 

In the architecture department's site:
Clusters [The Endless Project]: Several works by Marcos, a portuguese 
architect based in London.

#Inhabitable Walls:
Competition entry for the Palos Verdes Art Center, Los Angeles;
Competition entry (first prize) for the Kunsthaus Gratz, 
collaboration with Peter Cook and Colin Fournier.
#Architectural Neoplasm - Fabric Epithelia - A sample for a living 
textile: a work in collaboration with Orlando de Jesus.
#Aesthetics of Flesh: images and references about the work in progress.

Museum of Modern Strategy
E-Journal of Modern Strategy
no.14 vol.3
March 2003
Military sites in the United States A to Z. Letter C (D will follow shortly).
We remember that ViROSE is open to contributions, namely to the e-zine vector
or its free hosting server areas (HANTA - permanent hosting and HOSPEDARIA -
temporary hosting).
For any contact:

VIROSE is a non-profit organization dedicated to art and media technology
based in Porto, Portugal.
===================================== | |
- --------------------------------------


Date: Fri, 28 Mar 2003 07:32:45 -0800 (PST)
From: Lewis LaCook <>
Subject: Fwd: Turbulence Artists Studio: Lewis LaCook

For Immediate Release
March 28, 2003
Turbulence Artists' Studio: Lewis LaCook

Two ideas fascinate LaCook: chance operations and active user collaboration.
The "stable" artwork , he says, can just as easily appear in another format,
such as a book, a gallery space, or on a cinema screen. The computer works via
variables and loops and, well, VARIES.

LaCook uses the machine's native ability to generate pseudo-random numbers, and
to make decisions based on those numbers. In his work, either the text, music
or graphic elements are generated this way. While some elements in his works do
remain stable, others always vary. A user's collaboration may take the form of
simply opening the piece (whereby some of the afore-mentioned aleatoric
processes may become a factor), or by having a direct hand in the work's


Lewis LaCook is a poet who wandered one day into a "gorgeously chaotic,
polylogical room. He's been there ever since." Born in Lorain, Ohio on November
5, 1970, he began writing poetry in his early teens, shortly after the death of
his father. At sixteen, Black River Review first published his work;
subsequently, small press journals like Whiskey Island, the Coventry Reader,
and Lost and Found Times published his poetry. Anabasis press published his
long poem "Cling" as a chapbook in 2000.

In the mid-to-late nineties, while attending Kent State University LaCook
developed a passion for music, and played in several bands. In the late
nineties he discovered the Internet, and was immediately struck by how easily
he might combine his passions for music and poetry. As LaCook's use of the
Internet increased, his focus began to shift from using the medium as a
multimedia and distributive tool to exploring it for its own sake. His early
works in this genre met with some success; began accepting his
works into their artBase in 2002, and online venues like CTheory Multimedia,
Cauldron and Net, Artifacts at Web Del Sol, 3rd Bed and Slope presented his
works on their web sites.

For more information about Turbulence Artists' Studios, please visit - ---
For removal from the mail list, click here:
- --- 
NEW! Light Has No Tongue: 
ARCADIA: long poem serialized in the muse apprentice guild: 

- ---------------------------------
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Date: Tue, 01 Apr 2003 19:56:07 +0000
From: "abraham linkoln" <>
Subject: pranksta pranksta

in celebration of april fools day, releases it's newest 
exhibition "pransksta pranksta"  a show of shenanigans  featuring 
the recent work of etoy, artmark, mongrel , fakeshop, heath bunting and 


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Date: Wed, 2 Apr 2003 18:16:48 +1000
Subject: New Journal: "Aporia"

 The Aporia group is pleased to announce its first issue, now 
 online at[url] . We are anarchists 
 and anti-state communists who address on a number of issues 
 related to the War in Iraq, American foreign policy, the 
 construction of Empire, globalization, Black Blocs, and the new 
 configuration of sovereignty. Most if not all of the articles engage 
 directly with post-structuralist (Foucault, Agamben, Virilio) or 
 autonomist Marxist (Negri/Hardt) thinkers. Hard copies (60pp. $2 
 per copy) can be ordered from 
 We hope to spark debate and provide a meeting point for 
 academic and anarchist discourses in a way that makes them 
 both more mobile and more dangerous for the present order. 
 Zen Dochterman  	=A0
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Date: Fri, 04 Apr 2003 22:28:36 +0200
From: Ana =?iso-8859-1?Q?Vald=E9s?= <>
Subject: Gaza

Dear friends! Let us share with you the images and texts from our
travels to Palestina, the last one was to Gaza and Nablus, in the month
of March. We launch now a blog with quick updates. More pictures and
texts are coming.


Ana Valdés


Date: Fri, 04 Apr 2003 18:17:04 +1000
From: linda carroli <>
Subject: fAf April 03: Arts Resources Online

fAf April 03

fineArt forum = art + technology netnews

Check out latest updates to Art Resources in this issue including, Dancing 
about Architecture: Arts Resources Online by Dr Axel Bruns. QUT lecturer Dr 
Bruns inquires into what resourcing the arts online means. This 
contextualising essay provides an overview online arts resources. Other 
changes in Art Resources this issue include updates to the Australasia section.

:: An electroacoustic music collection project (Or how to open the cage and 
let them fly) by Ricardo Dal Farra
:: Dark Fiber: Tracking Critical Internet Culture by Geert Lovink reviewed 
by David Cox
:: A New Sensibility? The qualities of a new media writer by trAce Director 
Sue Thomas
:: David Brine takes a look at Alt-X's new ebook release, Solarcon-6 by 
Wiley Wiggins
:: Big [b]Other Weblog reviewed by YJ Tan
:: Erica Thompson test drives Visual Thesaurus 2.0 

PLUS News, Events, Opportunities and the usual online miscellany.

Don't forget that fAf_15, our commemorative 15th anniversary cdrom is still 
available and free. On fAf_15, we present the magazine's entire archive as 
well as specially commissioned and collated new material. fAf_15 is an 
invaluable resource for researchers, artists, writers and activists in the 
new media, science and technology fields. It will be particularly useful to 
those living and working in areas where internet access is difficult and 
unreliable. To obtain a copy, email fAf at with your 
name and postal address.

. . . . .

To subscribe to fineArt forum:
Send an email message to: with the following text in 
the message: subscribe fineartforum
To unsubscribe - the first line of your email should read: unsubscribe 

Send it to

Nisar Keshvani:
Linda Carroli:

fineArt forum is a free, not-for-profit news and information service 
exploring the relationship between the arts, sciences and technology. fAf 
aims to inform new media arts and technology communities worldwide of the 
latest events, developments and opportunities.

fineArt forum is assisted by the Commonwealth Government through the 
Australia Council, its arts funding and advisory body Additional support is provided by QUT Communication 
Design Department, School of Film and Media Studies - Ngee Ann Polytechnic 
Singapore and Mississippi State University.

fAf is produced on behalf of the Art, Science and Technology Network (ASTN)
fAf and Leonardo Electronic Almanac (LEA) are strategic partners. LEA is an 
online peer-reviewed journal published at MIT Press for the Leonardo 


Date: Tue, 01 Apr 2003 00:29:18 +0100
From: DIAN <>
Subject: DIAN Announcement for April

              DIAN - Digital Interactive Artists' Network




DIAN - Digital Interactive Artists' Network -
Our focus for the month of April is JOACHIM LAPOTRE. We proudly present
his work:


Inspired by military softwares of criminal investigation, "GEO.GRAPHIC"
is a lost/fugitives people research software. I saw many reports on this
subject (NSA and others...) which terrified me. After September 11, I
turned around the theme by preparing the visuals and I finally  decided
to make a mind-game/ club/ brain-teaser of it, that totally fits to the
actual world geo-political situation:

There are twelve maps connected between them by points, the session
starts on a random chosen map and it is to the user to discover the
eleven others... Once that the user visited the twelve maps, he can see
the face of its advisors and targets. 24 faces extracted from a series
of 36 (see MOST WANTED) which I drew starting from photographs of the
American police most wanted websites, it is from there that come their
major glance. "GEO.GRAPHIC" could be a military software but it is in
fact a rebels/ alter-mondialist/ pro-freedom/ ecologist/

DIAN - Digital Interactive Artists' Network - is a network for artists
who are seriously involved in using Internet technology in the domain of
contemporary art.

We are deeply interested in artists working in this field. Artists
working with the web, the net and related domains, please submit your
work here:

        Visit DIAN and explore what can be done on the Internet.


to unsubscribe from this list send an email

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